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The relative importance of GBS as a cause of meningitis has grown considerably in recent years.

The relative importance of GBS as a cause of meningitis has grown considerably in recent years. GBS is responsible for over 85 % of bacterial meningitis in children under two months old, says Edwards. Vaccination with the newer pneumococcal vaccines has led to enormous reductions in meningitis from these bacteria. . Currently the trial is already underway for a developed GBS vaccine from Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics.

The effects of invasive GBS infection in infants is just over 2,000 cases per year in the United States. Among those with infection of the bloodstream, 10 to 20 % can also develop meningitis.